Tobacco Consumption

  • 43.3% of all adults (age 15+) use any tobacco products (men 58.0%; women 28.7%).1
    • 23.0% smoke tobacco (men 44.7%; women 1.5%)
    • 27.2% of adults use smokeless tobacco (men 26.4%; women 27.9%)
  • Bidis are cheaper, handmade cigarettes that are popular among the poor in Bangladesh. Nearly half of Bangladeshi adult smokers (11.2% of adults overall) consume bidis.1
  • Among youth (ages 13–15), 6.9% use tobacco in any form (boys 9.2%; girls 2.8%).2
    • 2.9% currently smoke tobacco (boys 4.0%; girls 1.1%)
    • 4.5% use smokeless tobacco products (boys 5.9%; girls 2.0%)

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • 63.0% of working adults (age 15+) are exposed to secondhand smoke in the workplace, 27.6% of adults are exposed to secondhand smoke in restaurants, and 26.3% are exposed on public transport.1
  • 59.0% of youth (ages 13–15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 31.1% of youth are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.2

Health Consequences

  • In Bangladesh, more than 100,000 people die each year from smoking-related diseases.3
  • Among Bangladeshi men aged 25–69:4
    • A quarter of all deaths were attributable to smoking in 2010
    • Smoking-attributable deaths represent about 30% of all deaths from vascular disease, 38% from all cancers, 35% from pulmonary tuberculosis, and over 24% of deaths from other respiratory diseases
  • Each year, there are about 1.2 million cases of tobacco-attributable illness.5

Tobacco Industry

The two major tobacco companies in Bangladesh include British American Tobacco and Dhaka Tobacco Industries (under Akij Group). Smaller domestic companies include Abul Khair Tobacco and Nasir Tobacco.

FCTC Status

Bangladesh ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on June 14, 2004. The treaty went into effect on February 27, 2005.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of measures on smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price, download the Bangladesh Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Bangladesh Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2009.
2 Bangladesh Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2013. World Health Organization; 2015.
3 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington;2015. Available from
4 Alam DS et al. Smoking-attributable mortality in Bangladesh: proportional mortality study. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2013 October;91(10):717-796.
5 Impact of Tobacco-related Illnesses in Bangladesh. New Delhi: WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia; 2007.

Last updated Sept. 25, 2017